The free-space optics (FSO) communication technology is the method of optical wireless communication which wirelessly conveys data through light propagation in free space. Free-space optics communication technology is suited to perform data transmission in the localities that are otherwise not suitable for physical connections. The free-space optical communications technology also offers satellite to ground communication, inter-satellite communications, and other airborne applications. The other mode of transmission available, wireless communication, often faces challenges such as bandwidth limitation and low speed of data transmission. However, free space optics, a popular wireless technology in the industries of aerospace and defense, eliminates most of the issues faced by the conventional systems of wireless communication. The technology is used in the fields such as satellite links, deep-space probes, communicating to remote areas, UAVs and aircrafts, among others.
Free space optics is used for point to point communication that is placed within the line of sight. It uses various modulation techniques such as amplitude and phase modulation, for converting the input into a digital signal for further transmission. The recent trends in the free space optics market are governed by the introduction and development of modern coding schemes aimed at enhancing the communication process and data quality being transmitted.
Why the Free Space Optics Market is gaining popularity:
Free space optics is gaining popularity because of the many benefits it offers, including the low cost of installation, the availability of high bandwidth, high speed of data transmission, improved connectivity, etc. Furthermore, the free space optics technology is suitable for applications from the military as well as commercial avenues, such as telecommunication. Free space optics works on the same principle as that of the fiber optics technology, except for the fact that the former uses air as a medium for transmitting information instead of fiber optic cables. Moreover, the setup of free space optics communication requires just a few short hours for the complete installation. These are some of the factors that are significantly driving the growth of free space optics market. However, the free space optics market faces a few challenges too. For instance, before the deployment, the setup for free space optics communication between two points, the line of sight between the two, has to be free of any obstructions, such as trees or buildings.
Additionally, free space propagation can face interruptions due to fog and atmospheric turbulence, among other things. The presence of fog can severely hinder the characteristics of the light wave being transmitted by absorption, scattering and reflection of the light wave. Atmospheric turbulence can cause scintillation, which can further increase the bit-error rate. These are some factors restricting the growth of the free space optics market. The connectivity to the very last mile, no licensing, and an alternative solution to overburdened RF technology for outdoor networking are some of the significant factors driving the growth of the free-space optical (FSO) communications technology market. Besides, owing to the rising innovation in the technology and communication sector, the free-space optical (FSO) communications technology is anticipated to create new opportunities for the market.
The regional segment that’s expected to dominate:
The region of Asia Pacific is likely to dominate the free space optics communication market over the forecast period owing to the rapid expansion of the IT & telecom industry in the countries like India and China. Rapid technological advancements in this region and the rising innovation in the communication & technology sector in countries such as India and China, are supporting the market growth. Moreover, the collaboration of federal space entities, such as the National Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA) and European Space Agency (ESA), as an expansion of the space communication network is likely to boost the growth of the FSO communication market.
The Free Space Optics Market will be segmented as follows:
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